Source: The Sundaily
BY GURDIAL SINGH NIJAR
(Deputy President, HAKAM)
THE clamour for institutional reform has never been louder. From the ordinary layman who questions the false steps of some institutions – with mana boleh ini macam? – to the Bar Council’s measured assessments. All raise this as an urgent national agenda.
Even the MACC deputy chief commissioner (prevention), Datuk Seri Mustafar Ali, says that to “ensure our complete independence” the appointment of the chief commissioner should not just be provided for under the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009, but instead be a constitutionally-appointed position like judges.
The Save Malaysia campaign has made this one of its key demands. Hakam, the premier National Human Rights body, headed by former Bar Council chief Datuk Ambiga Sreenevasan, speaks of the “dire need for institutional reform“.
Nobody denies that the bane of a country – corruption – must be curbed. Else the country may be on a roller-coaster to a dismal economic and governance future. Malaysia is a party to the UN Convention Against Corruption since 2008 which obliges it to enact measures to implement several anti-corruption measures aimed at preventing corruption, including domestic and foreign bribery, embezzlement, trading in influence and money laundering. And to cooperate internationally to provide effective legal mechanisms for asset recovery, technical assistance and information exchange. Read more
Public Opinion Toward Internet Freedom in Asia:
A Survey of Internet Users from 11 Jurisdictions
City University of Hong Kong (CityUHK); Harvard University – Berkman Center for Internet & Society
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) – School of Journalism and Communication; Harvard University – Berkman Center for Internet & Society
May 4, 2016
Berkman Center Research Publication No. 2016-8
Introduction: This document summarizes the findings from a survey of Asian Internet users. The purpose of the study is to understand the public opinion toward issues related to Internet freedom in Asia. This report provides a basic overview of the opinions and behaviors on a number of topics related to Internet freedom, including but not limited to Internet censorship and the adoption and use of circumvention, anonymization, and encryption tools.
Method: The survey was carried out between July 29 and August 24, 2015 in 11 jurisdictions: Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. The original list includes China, but the widespread self-censorship practice in the market research industry prevented the study from being carried out in China — which attests to the very limited press and research freedom in China.
The survey was fielded by YouGov, a well-known international online opinion polling service provider headquartered in the United Kingdom. In total, 7,357 respondents from different countries and regions participated in the survey. The survey is not intended to be representative of the general population of the 11 jurisdictions. Instead, quota sampling was used, based on gender, age, education, and income distributions of the Internet population in each jurisdiction.
Key Findings: There is robust and strong support for Internet freedom in Asia. About 78% of respondents agree that freedom of expression on the Internet needs to be protected, and nearly 90% consider access to the Internet a basic human right.
The robust support for freedom of expression online is accompanied by almost equally strong support for Internet censorship. More than two thirds of respondents agree that some form of censorship is needed on the Internet: 19.4% express strong agreement and 54.5% express agreement.