KUCHING, Feb 27 — The Federal Court ruled today that the Sarawak Shariah Court has jurisdiction over the bid by four Sarawakians — a Malay-Muslim and three Muslim converts — to embrace Christianity.
Court of Appeal President Tan Sri Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin said the decision was unanimous.
“We have studied written submissions and arguments by from both parties and we found that there is no merit in the appeals,” he said.
He added that while there is no specific provision in the Sarawak Shariah Court Ordinance 2001 concerning conversions into and out of Islam, there were provisions under the Sarawak Islamic Religious Council (MAIS) concerning such matters.
He said these existed under Sections 68, 69 and 70 of the MAIS Ordinance.
On the applicants’ legal question asking if the Shariah courts have jurisdiction over apostasy applications when there are no specific provisions in the Sarawak Shariah Court Ordnance 2001, Zulkefli said the answer was yes.
Today’s decision means the four applicants — Syarifah Nooraffyzza Wan Hosen and Muslim converts Jenny binti Peter alias Nur Muzdhalifah Abdullah, Mohd Syafiq Abdullah alias Tiong Choo Ting and Salina Jau binti Abdullah — must have their cases heard by the Shariah courts.
The four had sued the Sarawak Islamic Religious Department, MAIS, the National Registration Department (NRD) and the state government as respondents.
Syarifah Nooraffyzza is seeking leave Islam and enter Christianity, taking the name of Vanessa Elizabeth, after she marred a Christian man.
Jenny, Tiong and Salina are asking the court for an order to compel the NRD director-general to change their Muslim names to their original names on their official records and documents, as well as for their religion to be recorded as Christianity instead of Islam.
In 2015, the High Court had ruled that it had no jurisdiction to hear Muslim apostasy cases.
Last August,2016, the Court of Appeal similarly rejected their application for a judicial review to compel the four respondents to issue a letter of release to them as they are no longer practising Muslims.
Aside from Zulkefli, the other judges on today’s panel were Chief Judge of Malaya Tan Sri Ahmad Maarop and Federal Court judges Tan Sri Hassan Lah, Tan Sri Ramly Ali and Tan Sri Jeffrey Tan.
The four appellants were represented by Baru Bian, Joshua Baru and Clarice Chan while the respondents are represented by the Deputy State Attorney-General Saferi Ali, state Legal Officer Hishamuddin Roslan and senior federal counsels Shamsul Bolhassan and Leo Saga.
The apex court’s decision was greeted by shouts from a large crowd outside dressed in black T-shirts.
Roman Catholic Bishop Simon Peter Poh was escorted by a group of youths to the Kuching High Court Complex car park, out of fear that he may be assaulted.