BY M. SARAVANABAVAN
HUMAN trafficking is one of organised crime’s most lucrative markets. The size of its annual trade ranks only behind illicit drugs and arms markets. The offence involves the transport of victims, usually between states. It has always been a concern for the international community. The term human trafficking covers the movement of victims for sexual and labour exploitation as well as moving them for organised crime, including pickpocketing, begging and cannabis cultivation.
The definition of trafficking has undergone developments in the international arena and now is codified in the Palermo Protocol, which provides a detailed, internationally accepted meaning.
Incentives have been offered by the international community to tackle the issue, but this is exacerbated by globalisation and expanding borders.
In the recently released United States’s Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report, Malaysia was deemed to be in Tier 2 of the watch list. Countries in Tier 2 are considered those that “do not fully meet the minimum standard in eliminating human trafficking”. The minimum standards were stipulated in the Palermo Protocol, which was passed in 2000. Read more