Why are kleptocrats so are hard to get rid of? — Richard Cassin

Source: FCPA Blog

BY RICHARD L. CASSIN

Pic taken from the FCPA Blog

Corruption, we often hear, “undermines democratic institutions.” That’s a sterilized phrase. What does it really mean?

Start with a legitimately elected leader. If he’s weak and greedy — as many people are — he takes a few small bribes in return for helping cronies game the system.

The bribes are a breach of trust and have to be kept secret.

As time passes and bribes mount, the stakes go up.

The leader’s family and friends become part of the graft machine. They collect bribes through phony companies. They launder bribe money by buying luxury properties in France or New York or Vancouver.

Leaving office becomes more and more dangerous. Once out of power, the leader and his gang would be vulnerable. Keeping power is the only option.

To hold on, the leader corrupts judges and legislators. He buys the loyalty of generals. He pays off or threatens those who control the ballot boxes. Elections, if they still happen, are now phony.

Doing all that costs big money. So the leader becomes a full-blown kleptocrat. Treasuries are looted and resources stripped. Read more

Association to seek meeting with ministry on citizenship issues

Source: The Borneo Post Online

KOTA KINABALU, 18 August 2016: Despite scoring 4As in the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM), Jerwin Chong Yie, 18, was denied further education in Form 6 because he does not have an identity card.

Jerwin was born to a Malaysian father Chong Vui Hsung, 50, and Filipino mother Jennifer Loping Sausa, 52.

However, Chong and Jennifer only registered their marriage a month after their son was born.

Under such circumstances, the status of the mother determines the status of the child.

Without identification card and Malaysian citizenship, Jerwin was rejected when he tried to apply into Form 6.

“When my son was 12, I took him to apply for an identification card.

“I was told that I must change his birth certificate to a new one in order to apply for the identification card.

“But when the new birth certificate was issued, we still cannot apply for the identification card.

“The National Registration Department (NRD) said the status of my son could only follow that of his mother’s.” Read more

Suhakam Sabah: 50% of complaints over documents

Source: The Borneo Post Online

KOTA KINABALU, 18 August 2016: Close to 50 per cent of the complaints received by Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (Suhakam) Sabah this year are documentation issues, with 130 cases filed as of August 16, this year.

Head of Suhakam Sabah, Jasmih Slamat said documentation issues had overtaken land matters in the total number of complaints received by the commission since last year.

This year, a total of 281 complaints have been lodged to Suhakam Sabah as of August 16, of which 130 documentation issues, including children with birth certificate issue or have yet to receive identification cards.

This marked an increase from 79 and 74 cases of citizenship-related complaints received by Suhakam Sabah in 2015 and 2014 respectively.

Jasmih said the drastic increase in documentation cases was because parents wanted to send their children to school.

“There are a lot of children behind 1Borneo who want to go to school as they grow up, although their parents cannot afford it, because their friends have gone to schools.

“And the first thing that schools request are documentation (of children).” Read more