LONDON, U.K. – Blaming wealthy nations of shirking responsibility in dealing with the mounting global refugee crisis, London-based human rights body, Amnesty International has revealed that today, merely ten countries globally are home to nearly half of the world’s refugee population.
The group released the findings of its latest report titled, ‘Tackling the global refugee crisis: from shirking to sharing responsibility’ and accused wealthy nations of leaving poorer countries to bear the brunt of the refugee crisis.
In its findings, the group said that 56 percent of the world’s 21 million refugees are being hosted in ten countries based in the Middle East, Africa and South Asia.
While presenting the report, Amnesty Secretary General Salil Shetty said, “A small number of countries have been left to do far too much just because they are neighbours to a crisis. That situation is inherently unsustainable, exposing the millions fleeing war and persecution in countries like Syria, South Sudan, Afghanistan, and Iraq to intolerable misery and suffering. It is time for leaders to enter into a serious, constructive debate about how our societies are going to help people forced to leave their homes by war and persecution.”
According to the report, Jordan has taken in more than 27 lakh people, the maximum number of refugees accepted by any country worldwide.
Jordan is followed by Turkey with more than 25 lakh refugees, Pakistan with 16 lakh, and Lebanon with 15 lakh.
The report stated that countries in and around war zones tend to let in more number of refugees into their country.
Meanwhile, other countries like Iran with 9,79,400 refugees, Ethiopia with 7,36,100, Kenya with 5,53,900, Uganda with 4,77,200, Democratic Republic of Congo with 3,83,100 and Chad with 3,69,500 have also contributed to resolving the crisis.
Amnesty further added that many of the world’s wealthiest nations “host the fewest and do the least”.
Shetty noted, “It is not simply a matter of sending aid money. Rich countries cannot pay to keep people ‘over there. If every one of the wealthiest countries in the world were to take in refugees in proportion to their size, wealth and unemployment rate, finding a home for more of the world’s refugees would be an eminently solvable challenge.
Amnesty has urged world leaders to brainstorm and engage in constructive debates to come up with plausible solutions to end this global problem to avoid refugees from embarking on dangerous route to flee conflict.
The report said, “They need to explain why the world can bail out banks, develop new technologies and fight wars, but cannot find safe homes for 21 million refugees, just 0.3 percent of the world’s population.”
Meanwhile, migrants continue to risk their lives attempting to reach Europe and being claimed in the waters of the Mediterranean.
On Monday, Italy led a rescue operation to save 2,600 people off the coast of Libya.