Orang Asli ada hak atas tanah adat

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Sumber: FMT News

Menduduki tanah untuk selama beberapa generasi ialah tanggapan kuat dan hampir tidak boleh disangkal yang mereka memegang hak itu, kata bekas hakim Datuk Seri Gopal Sri Ram.

Menduduki tanah untuk selama beberapa generasi ialah tanggapan kuat dan hampir tidak boleh disangkal yang mereka memegang hak itu, kata bekas hakim Datuk Seri Gopal Sri Ram. Gambar dipetik dari FMT News.

PETALING JAYA: Orang Asli di semenanjung mempunyai hak undang-undang terhadap tanah adat mereka, kata hakim bersara Datuk Seri Gopal Sri Ram.

“Mereka boleh memperoleh hak milik adat tanah itu hanya dengan menyemai, memburu, mengutip hasil hutan dan tinggal di situ,” katanya.

Sri Ram berkata mereka tidak perlu mengeluarkan hak kepada tanah, seperti pemilik .

“Menduduki tanah itu untuk beberapa generasi ialah tanggapan kuat dan hampir tidak boleh disangkal yang mereka memegang hak itu,” katanya.

Hakim bersara Mahkamah Persekutuan itu berkata demikian sebagai respons kepada laporan aktivis Orang Asli ditahan kerana mendirikan sekatan di kawasan hutan simpan di Gua Musang, Kelantan.

Pertikaian antara 200 Orang Asli Temiar dan pihak berkuasa tempatan Kelantan berlaku sejak 26 September dalam isu menghalang pembalak menebang balak di Hutan Simpan Balah.

Menteri Besar Kelantan Datuk Ahmad Yakob mengarahkan penunjuk perasaan menghentikan sekatan itu atau berdepan tindakan undang-undang.

Ahli Parlimen Gua Musang Tan Sri Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah berkata beliau bersimpati dengan Orang Asli tetapi mereka tidak sepatutnya mengambil tindakan undang-undang sendiri.

Sri Ram, yang sebelum ini pernah membuat keputusan bagi sekurang-kurangnya 2 kes penting membabitkan Orang Asli di Mahkamah Rayuan, berkata undang-undang persekutuan juga berpihak kepada mereka.

Katanya, undang-undang itu ada dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan, Kanun Tanah Negara, Akta Peralihan Hak Atas Tanah dan Akta Orang Asli.

Sri Ram berkata pihak berkuasa boleh memperoleh tanah mereka tetapi perlu memberikan pampasan yang secukupnya.

“Jika anda tidak berbuat demikian, ia pelanggaran undang-undang kerana menafikan hak mereka terhadap harta mereka,” katanya.

Beliau berkata daripada laporan itu, insiden di Gua Musang menunjukkan tindakan pihak berkuasa tidak mengikut undang-undang kerana mereka cuba mengabaikan hak tanah adat Orang Asli tanpa pampasan kewangan.

Katanya, pembalak itu juga bertanggungjawab kerana menceroboh.

“Orang Asli yang terjejas mempunyai remedi undang-undang kerana undang-undang kes menyokong mereka,” katanya.

 

Artikel Berkenaan

 


English Copy

‘Orang Asli have right over their ancestral land’

Source: FMT News

PETALING JAYA: The Orang Asli in the peninsula have legal right over their ancestral land, retired judge Gopal Sri Ram said.

“They would have acquired the customary title to the land by merely cultivating, hunting, collecting jungle products and living there,” he said.

Sri Ram said they need not produce a title to their land unlike property owners.

“Occupying the land for generations is a strong and almost irrefutable presumption that they hold the title,” he added.

The retired Federal Court judge said this in response to reports that Orang Asli activists had been arrested for erecting blockades at forest reserves in Gua Musang, Kelantan.

A showdown between 200 Temiar Orang Asli and Kelantan state authorities had taken place since Sept 26 to prevent timber from being taken out of the Balah Forest Reserve.

Menteri Besar Ahmad Yakob had told the protesters to stop the blockade or risk facing legal action.

Gua Musang MP Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah had said while he sympathised with the natives, they should not take the law into their own hands.

Sri Ram, who decided on the land rights of Orang Asli in at least two landmark cases in the Court of Appeal, said federal laws were also in their favour.

He said these were the Federal Constitution, National Land Code, Land Acquisition Act and the Aboriginal Peoples Act.

Sri Ram said the authorities could acquire their land but they must be adequately compensated.

“If you don’t, this is a violation of denying them the right to their property.”

He said from reports, the incident in Gua Musang showed that the authorities’ action was illegal as they were trying to ignore the customary title of the tribe without monetary compensation.

He said the loggers were also liable for trespass.

“The affected Orang Asli have legal remedy as case laws support them.”