Rogol dalam perkahwinan itu jenayah, kata WAO

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Sumber: FMT News

Pertubuhan Pertolongan Wanita (WAO) mendesak kerajaan meminda Akta Imigresen kerana undang-undang sedia ada menyebabkan isteri warga asing kepada rakyat Malaysia terdedah kepada keganasan rumah tangga. Gambar dipetik dari FMT News

Pertubuhan Pertolongan Wanita (WAO) mendesak kerajaan meminda Akta Imigresen kerana undang-undang sedia ada menyebabkan isteri warga asing kepada rakyat Malaysia terdedah kepada keganasan rumah tangga. Gambar dipetik dari FMT News

KUALA LUMPUR: Pertubuhan Pertolongan Wanita (WAO) mengulangi gesaannya supaya rogol dalam perkahwinan dianggap sebagai jenayah, sempena wanita di seluruh dunia meraikan Hari Wanita Antarabangsa hari ini.

Dalam laporan kajian kesnya bertajuk “Perspektif terhadap Keganasan Rumah Tangga” yang dikeluarkan hari ini, NGO itu berkata rogol – sama ada ia berlaku dalam perkahwinan atau tidak – adalah jenayah di bawah standard antarabangsa.

Tetapi di Malaysia, Seksyen 375 Kanun Keseksaan menyatakan hubungan seks tanpa rela tidak dianggap sebagai jenayah apabila ia berlaku antara pasangan berkahwin.

“Rogol dalam perkahwinan dikenali dalam Konvensyen Mengenai Penyingkiran Semua Bentuk Diskriminasi Terhadap Wanita (Cedaw) Jawatankuasa Cadangan Umum 19, yang menyatakan ‘Dalam kalangan hubungan keluarga, wanita semua peringkat umur tertakluk kepada semua bentuk keganasan, termasuk pukul, rogol dan serangan seksual lain’.”

Laporan itu menyatakan jawatankuasa PBB Cedaw meminta Putrajaya menjadikan rogol dalam perkahwinan sebagai jenayah sejak 2006.

“Kami mendesak kerajaan dengan segera meminda bahasa dalam Seksyen 375 Kanun Keseksaan dan berhenti membenarkan amalan rogol dalam perkahwinan,” menurut laporan itu.

Pada 2015, DAP melancarkan kempen meningkatkan kesedaran dan mendidik masyarakat mengenai rogol. Ia menyatakan seks tanpa rela antara suami isteri juga rogol.

Susulan itu, ketika banyak desakan supaya rogol dalam perkahwinan dianggap jenayah, menteri undang-undang pada ketika itu Nancy Shukri mengumumkan kerajaan tidak akan meminda Seksyen 375 untuk mengkategorikan seks tanpa rela antara suami isteri sebagai rogol.

Bagaimanapun, beliau berkata tindakan suami mencederakan isterinya dengan tujuan seks sudah pun menjadi kesalahan di bawah Seksyen 375A Kanun Keseksaan. Kesalahan itu membawa hukuman penjara 5 tahun, jika sabit kesalahan.

Laporan itu turut mendesak kerajaan meluaskan definisi keganasan rumah tangga dalam Seksyen 2 Akta Keganasan Rumah Tangga, untuk memasukkan penderaan antara pasangan intim yang mungkin tidak berkahwin.

“Daripada 110 mangsa keganasan rumah tangga yang berjaya diselamatkan dan mendapat perlindungan di WAO pada 2014, seramai 5 daripadanya didera teman lelaki. Jumlah sama atau lebih ialah mangsa dera ibu bapa, adik-beradik atau ahli keluarga lain yang termasuk di bawah akta berkenaan,” katanya.

WAO juga mendesak kerajaan membuat pindaan Akta Imigresen kerana undang-undang sedia ada menyebabkan warga asing yang menjadi isteri kepada rakyat Malaysia terdedah kepada keganasan rumah tangga dan mencipta “sekatan tambahan” kepada mereka untuk keluar daripada situasi penderaan itu.

Katanya, undang-undang itu termasuk isteri warga asing memerlukan kebenaran suaminya untuk memperbaharui visa pasangan, buka akaun bank atau akses kepada kad kredit.

Syor lain dibuat WAO ialah untuk Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara (JPN) membenarkan mangsa keganasan rumah tangga memohon perceraian di mana-mana bidang kuasa.

Pada masa ini, mereka terhad membuat permohonan cerai di kawasan di mana tempat tinggal terakhir, di mana WAO berkata biasanya di mana mereka tinggal bersama pasangan yang mendera.

“Ini bermakna, bagi menghadiri 3 tribunal wajib JPN, mangsa terpaksa kembali ke lokasi di mana dia tinggal bersama penyerangnya, yang akan menyebabkan dia dalam keadaan bahaya, takut dan trauma,” katanya.

Antara Januari dan Oktober tahun lalu, kira-kira 4,000 kes penderaan rumah tangga dilaporkan. Ia termasuk insiden penderaan fizikal, rogol dan penderaan anak.


WAO repeats call to criminalise marital rape

The Women’s Aid Organisation (WAO) urges government to amend Immigration Act as current law makes foreign wives of Malaysians vulnerable to domestic violence and difficult to escape abusive situations. Pic taken from FMT News.

The Women’s Aid Organisation (WAO) urges government to amend Immigration Act as current law makes foreign wives of Malaysians vulnerable to domestic violence and difficult to escape abusive situations. Pic taken from FMT News.

KUALA LUMPUR: The Women’s Aid Organisation (WAO) has reiterated its call to criminalise marital rape, as women around the country and the world celebrate International Women’s Day.

In its case study report, titled “Perspectives on Domestic Violence” released today, the NGO said rape – whether or not it occurs in a marriage – is a crime under international standards.

But in Malaysia, Section 375 of the Penal Code, sexual intercourse without consent isn’t recognised as a crime when it takes place between married couples.

“Rape within marriage is recognised in the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (Cedaw) Committee’s General Recommendation 19, which states ‘Within family relationships women of all ages are subjected to violence of all kinds, including battering, rape, [and] other forms of sexual assault’.”

The report noted that the United Nations Cedaw committee had asked Putrajaya to criminalise marital rape as far back as 2006.

“We urge the government to immediately amend the language of Section 375 of the Penal Code and stop implicitly sanctioning the practice of marital rape,” read the report.

In 2015, DAP launched a campaign to raise awareness and educate the public on rape. It pointed out that non-consensual sex between husband and wife was also rape.

Subsequently, amid calls for marital rape to be criminalised, then de facto law minister Nancy Shukri announced that the government wouldn’t amend Section 375 to categorise non-consensual sex between husband and wife as rape.

However, she said that the act of a husband causing hurt to his wife with the purpose of soliciting sex was already an offence under Section 375A of the Penal Code. The offence carries a jail term of up to five years.

The report also called on the government to broaden the definition of domestic violence in Section 2 of the Domestic Violence Act (DVA), to include abuse between intimate partners who may not be married.

“Of the 110 domestic violence survivors who sought shelter with WAO in 2014, five women were abused by their boyfriends. About the same number or more were abused by a parent, sibling, or other family member in relationships which are covered by the DVA.”

WAO also urged the government to make amendments to the Immigration Act as current laws made foreign wives of Malaysian citizens vulnerable to domestic violence and creates “additional barriers” for them to escape abusive situations.

These laws it said, included a foreign wife requiring her husband’s consent to renew their spousal visa, open bank accounts, or access credit cards.

Another recommendation put forth by WAO was for the National Registration Department (JPN) to allow domestic violence victims to apply for a divorce in any jurisdiction.

Presently, they are restricted to applying for a divorce in the jurisdiction where they last resided, which WAO says is usually where they lived with their abusive spouses.

“This means that, in order to attend the three mandatory JPN tribunals, a survivor is forced to return to the location where she last resided with her perpetrator, which may put her in serious danger and cause her to experience fear and trauma.”

Between January and October last year, some 4,000 domestic abuse cases were reported. These include incidences of physical abuse, rape and child abuse.