HAKAM applauds Malaysia’s best score and rank to date on the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)’s Democracy Index. Malaysia is now placed 43rd out of 167 countries, with a score of 7.16 from a maximum score of 10. This is a marked improvement from being scored 5.98 to 6.88 in the previous years since the index started in 2006.
Unfortunately, the rest of the world has regressed in human rights – this year saw the worst average global score since the index started in 2006. That Malaysia has beaten this global trend is a testament of the many strides the Government has undertaken to improve democracy since GE14.
HAKAM nonetheless urges the Government to not rest on its laurels and to expedite its reform agenda. It is reported that Malaysia’s score on the functioning of government (7.86), political participation (6.67), political culture (6.25) and civil liberties (5.88) have remained stagnant. Steps must be taken by the Government to improve Malaysia’s score on such crucial fronts.
HAKAM hereby urges the Government to steadfastly proceed with the following human rights reforms in Malaysia as a first step to improve its performance in EIU’s Democracy Index:
- Establish an effective Independent Police Complaints & Misconduct Commission (IPCMC);
- Abolish laws which restrict freedom of speech such as the Sedition Act 1948, Section 233 of the Communications & Multimedia Act 1998 & the Printing Presses and Publications Act 1984;
- Abolish oppressive detention without trial laws such as the Security Offences (Special Measures) Act 2012 (SOSMA), Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 (POTA) & Prevention of Crime Act 1959;
- Abolish the death penalty in all forms;
- Improve the living condition of prisons & immigration detention centres;
- Enact a Freedom of Information Act; and
- Comprehensively overhaul the education syllabus to educate the young on the importance of human rights, democracy and the rule of law.
Malaysia has the opportunity over the next few years to be a beacon of democracy in a world where democracy is slowly dimming. Let us all not squander such chance.
Lim Wei Jiet
Secretary-General of HAKAM